At the 15th Symposium on Polymers for Microelectronics held last week in Wilmington DE, TSMC’s Doug Yu, Sr. Dir. of front end and back end technology development, challenged the current nomenclature for interposers and suggested that the more versatile interposer technology should be called 3.5D instead of 2.5D since it is, and will be, capable of much more than the simple 3D stack.
The term 2.5D is usually credited to ASE’s Ho Ming Tong who ~ 2009 (or even earlier) declared that we might need an intermediate step towards 3D since the infrastructure and standards were not ready yet. The silicon interposer, Tong felt, would get us a major part of the way there, and could be ready sooner than 3D technology, thus the term 2.5D, which immediately caught on with other practitioners.
Yu’s new position is that interposer technology actually is more versatile and thus should be called 3.5D since it not only offer a better thermal solution than 3D, but "…can some day replace most of the high density PC boards." Yu’s position is that this modular silicon technology will need minimum low density PCB substrate to connect the functions that have been fabricated on silicon and will be, in essence, the perfect "fab centric" solution. Yu proceeded to show how future smartphones and tablets could be made up of such simple 3.5D silicon modules. More from the Polymers for Electronics meeting coming soon at IFTLE.
Global Foundries 2.5/3D Announcement
GLOBALFOUNDRIES has announced the installation of TSV production tools for the company’s 20nm technology platform. CTO Bartlett announced that they were "…engaging early with partners to jointly develop packaging solutions that will enable the next wave of innovation in the industry." The first full flow silicon with TSVs is expected to start running at Fab 8 (Saratoga NY) in Q3 2012 with mass production expected in 2014. GF is also preparing for a 2.5D line within its Fab 7 facility in Singapore with a similar time schedule as the 3D line in the United States.
While arch competitor TSMC has announced a one-stop-shop turnkey line which includes all of the assembly and test steps traditionally handled by the OSATS [see: "TSMCrepeats call for foundry-centric 2.5/3D industry"], GF proposes to handle TSV fabrication (Cu , vias middle) and other front-end steps while typical backend processes such as temporary bonding/debonding, thinning, assembly and test will be done by their OSAT partners such as Amkor [ see IFTLE 65 "….. GLOBALFOUNDRIES Packaging Alliance…" GlobalFoundries reports that they will define a PDK with its partners, initially they are looking at 6 um vias on a 40-to-50um pitch.
Intel agrees – Its all in the Economics
At the recent Intel analyst day CEO Paul Otellini CEO predicted that the increasing cost of manufacturing in the IC industry would result in consolidation that will "…only leave two or three companies at the leading edge of chip design." Otellini reports that "Gordon Moore predicted a thinning out of chip fabrication facilities once the cost of a new 200mm wafer manufacturing plant hit $1bn, but he was a little too early."
With the cost of a 300mm fab expected to exceed $5B at the 28 nm node and 450mm wafer fabs that are projected to cost more than $10B apiece few companies will have enough volume to absorb such costs.
Readers of IFTLE know that we have been predicting this outcome for several years [ see PFTLE "IC Consolidation, Node scaling and 3DIC". Nice to see that Intel agrees, although this will severely limit options for customes of the latest node technologies.
If you look at this strictly in terms of economics, HVM players at 22 nm should be limited to :
Logic - Intel, Samsung, ST Micro
Memory - Samsung, Toshiba, Micron/Elpida, Hynix ?
Foundries - TSMC, GF
That’s less than 10 total players on the leading edge moving forward. Better start getting used to it !
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